There is a gel-like substance inside the vertebrae that absorbs any shock from impact. When it loses its shape and position it leads to disc bulge. 35% of back-pain patients suffer from disc-bulge or disc degeneration and most of them are affected in the lower back.
Disc bulge does not always show symptoms of pain, but depending upon where the disc bulge is located, you may experience the following symptoms:
- Neck and lower back pain that persists for a long time
- Continuous pain in a specific area in the back.
- Pain that radiates to your buttocks, thighs, knees, and feet. This may be a result of nerve endings being pressurized at the lower spine.
- Back pain when coughing or sneezing
- There is numbness or tingling in the legs or in hands, along with muscular weakness.
Get immediate medical care if:
- The pain is debilitating
- You lose bowel and bladder control
- There’s numbness and weakness in your limbs
- The pain doesn’t improve with medication or treatment
- Difficulty in performing small tasks involving fingers, wrists, feet, and toes.
- Constant night pain with reduced sleep.
- Loss of balance
- Blackout or ringing in ears
If there’s sciatica or a pinched nerve in the spine, it will interfere with your daily functioning.