The primary goals of neurological rehabilitation and management are to reduce brain and spinal injury and promote maximum patient recovery. Rapid detection and appropriate emergency medical care are essential for optimizing health outcomes. When available, patients are admitted to an ICU for treatment. These units specialize in providing medical and surgical care aimed at stabilizing the patient’s medical status.
Once a patient is medically stable, the focus of their recovery shifts to rehabilitation. Some patients are transferred to in-patient rehabilitation programs, while others may be referred to out-patient services or home-based care. In-patient programs are usually facilitated by an interdisciplinary team that may include a physician, nurse, pharmacist, physical therapist, occupational therapist, speech and language pathologist, psychologist, and recreation therapist.
The patient and their family/caregivers also play an integral role on this team. Family/caregivers that are involved in the patient care tend to be prepared for the caregiving role as the patient transitions from rehabilitation centers. While at the rehabilitation center, the interdisciplinary team makes sure that the patient attains their maximum functional potential upon discharge. The primary goals of this sub-acute phase of recovery include preventing secondary health complications, minimizing impairments, and achieving functional goals that promote independence in activities of daily living.
Neurological rehabilitation (rehab) is a doctor-supervised program designed for people with diseases, injuries, or disorders of the nervous system. Neurological rehab can often improve function, reduce symptoms, and improve the well-being of the patient.
Strokes, meningitis, encephalitis, polio, brain abscesses, brain and spinal cord injury, Bell palsy, cervical spondylosis, carpal tunnel syndrome, brain or spinal cord tumors, peripheral neuropathy, muscular dystrophy, myasthenia gravis, Guillain-Barré syndrome, Parkinson disease, multiple sclerosis, amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), Alzheimer disease, and Huntington chorea
In the early phases of rehabilitation, the focus is on maximizing the natural recovery process. As the person progresses through rehabilitation, the focus shifts towards replacing skills and functions that have been lost. Effective rehabilitation takes people from a medical environment into the community and even into their homes, schools, or workplaces.
No two brain injuries are alike and the course of rehabilitation is different for each participant. Individuals progress through rehabilitation at their own pace and require unique rehabilitation programs. Rehabilitation may extend for years beyond a person’s initial injury and changes may occur throughout a person’s lifetime.