Independence Day: 10 Things you need to know about Incredible India

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Independence Day: 15th August 2020

On 15th August 2020, It is 74th Independence Day of India. Flag Hoisting by Hon’ble Prime Minister of India, Shri Narendra Modi. watch it live here.

Independence Day: National Anthem

Multiple versions and renditions of Jana Gana Mana, our national anthem, are sung across the country – each one is equally inspiring. The original song, which is five stanzas long, was composed in Bengali as Bharoto Bhagyo Bhidata by Rabindranath Tagore.

National Animal

Did you know that the national animal prior to 1973 was the lion before the tiger took over? At the start of the 20th century, India was home to around 40,000 tigers. By 1972, this number had reduced to a mere 1,827.

National Independence day
National Animal – Tiger

National Emblem

The national emblem of the Republic of India is an adaption of the Lion Capital of Ashoka, a sculpture dating back to 250 BCE, which has four Asiatic lions standing back to back, originally placed on top of the Asoka stupa in Sarnath by Emperor Ashoka. The other animals on the pillar are a horse, a bull, an elephant and a lion.

National song

Vande Mataram, written by Bankim Chandra Chattopadhyaya in 1875 and published in a Bengali novel titled, Anandmath, is India’s national song. First sung publicly at the Indian National Congress session by Rabindranath Tagore in 1896, Vande Mataram graduated to become one of the most popular songs during the Indian freedom struggle and was banned by the British.

National Bird

The peacock is the national bird of India. Among the criteria that the bird had to meet in order to be considered was that it should be found across the country, should be easily recognizable and should have significance to the country. Mythologically, the peacock is also considered to be the vehicle of Lord Karthikeya and Goddess Saraswati. 

National tree

Also known as the Ficus benghalensis, the large, evergreen Banyan tree is native to India, Pakistan, and Bangladesh. The tree is venerated by Hindus and Buddhists and is associated with longevity in Hinduism. The leaf of the Banyan tree is also considered to be the resting place of Lord Krishna. 

National flag

India’s tricolour, adopted by the Constituent Assembly of India on 22 July 1947, was designed by freedom fighter Pingali Venkayya. The display and use of the flag and its specifications are strictly enforced under the Indian Flag Code. The flag consists of three colours – deep saffron on the top which symbolises courage, white in the middle symbolising truth, peace, and purity, and green at the bottom, symbolising prosperity.

National Flag
Independence day: National Flag

National aquatic animal

The Gangetic River Dolphin is the national aquatic animal of India. The dolphin is endemic to the Ganges river and is found only in freshwater. It weighs up to 150 kg and is generally blind. Officially discovered in 1801, the Gangetic dolphin was declared a national animal in 2009 during the National Ganga River Basin Authority’s (NGRBA) first meeting, in order to save it from extinction.

National currency

The currency symbol of the Indian Rupee was designed in 2010 by Udaya Kumar Dharmalingam, associate professor IIT Guwahati, as part of a competition. This symbol differentiates the Indian Rupee from its Pakistani, Sri Lankan and Indonesian counterparts. It blends the Devanagari script Ra and the Roman letter R and has two horizontal lines with white spacing between them, creating the effect of the Indian national flag.

National river

The River Ganges, considered holy by Hindus, was declared as the National River of Indian in November 2008 by then Prime Minister Manmohan Singh, to achieve the objectives of the Ganga Action Plan to clean and rejuvenate the River. The longest river of India (2,525 km), the Ganga originates from the Gangotri glacier of the Western Himalayas in Uttarakhand, flowing south and east through the Gangetic plains, emptying into the Bay of Bengal. 

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